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中國醫科大學 醫學心理學

中國醫科大學 醫學心理學

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  • 主    講:由金魁和主講
  • 來    源: 中國醫科大學
  • 種    類: 網絡教育
  • 格    式:MP4
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內容介紹

             醫學心理學(MedicalPsychology)是研究心理活動與病理過程相互影響的心理學分支。醫學心理學是把心理學的理論、方法與技術應用到醫療實踐中的產物,是醫學與心理學結合的邊緣學科。它既具有自然科學性質,又具有社會科學性質,包括基本理論、實際應用技術和客觀實驗等內容。醫學心理學兼有心理學和醫學的特點,它研究和解決人類在健康或患病以及二者相互轉化過程中的一切心理問題,即研究心理因素在疾病病因、診斷、治療和預防中的作用。

             醫學心理學(Medical Psychology )是一門從醫學的觀點研究、診斷、治療和預防精神障礙和人的身心疾病及其相關問題的一門應用學科。在英國被稱為的醫學心理學(Medical Psychology)與在美國被稱為的精神醫學(Psychiatry)同義,與臨床心理學(Clinical Psychology)近義,但各種學科名稱所強調的側重點或研究的歷史取向有所不同。
     
             醫學心理學是把心理學的理論、方法與技術應用到醫療實踐中的產物,是醫學與心理學結合的邊緣學科。它既具有自然科學性質,又具有社會科學性質,包括基本理論、實際應用技術和客觀實驗等內容。醫學心理學兼有心理學和醫學的特點,它研究和解決人類在健康或患病以及二者相互轉化過程中的一切心理問題,即研究心理因素在疾病病因、診斷、治療和預防中的作用。如怎樣克服過度焦慮,如何消除抑郁,醫生與病人如何建立和諧的關系,等等。
    現代醫學心理學強調從整體上認識和掌握人類的健康和疾病問題,主張把人看作是自然機體與社會實體相統一的存在物,是物質運動與精神活動相結合的統一體。
     
             人不僅是一個單純的生物有機體,而且也是一個有思想、有感情、從事著勞動、過著社會生活的社會成員。人的身體和心理的健康與疾病,不僅與自身的軀體因素有關,而且也與人的心理活動和社會因素有密切聯系。臨床實踐和心理學研究證明,有害的物質因素能夠引起人的軀體疾病與心理疾病,有害的心理因素也能引起人的身心疾病(例如藥物、酒精和其他精神活性物質等)能夠治療人的身心疾病,而良好的心理因素與積極的心理狀態能夠促進人的身心健康或作為身心疾病的治療手段。
    醫學心理學不僅具有重要的理論意義,而且有著更大的實踐意義。運用心理學的理論與方法探索心理因素對健康與疾病的作用方式、途徑與機制,更全面地闡明人類軀體疾病與心理疾病的本質,協助醫學揭示人類維護健康、戰勝疾病的規律,尋找與豐富人類疾病的診斷、治療、護理與預防的更全面、更有效的方法,提高醫療水平,促進人的身心健康。
     
     
     
     
     

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